April 20

What is a Head and Shoulders Pattern?

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The Head And Shoulders Pattern: What You Need To Know

 

In this article, we'll cover a pattern that can be seen on every time frame: the head and shoulders pattern. This pattern is easy to identify visually but is not always obvious to the naked eye. We'll look at a few examples of head and shoulders patterns, talk about how this might help you in trading, and give you some additional resources for more information.


What is a Head and Shoulders Pattern?

 

A head and shoulders pattern is a bearish reversal pattern that can be found in the price charts of financial assets. The pattern is composed of three distinct troughs and peaks, with the middle peak being the highest and the two outside peaks being lower. The head and shoulders pattern is considered a bearish reversal because it typically forms after an asset has been in an uptrend, and its completion signals a potential change in direction from up to down.

Head and shoulders patterns can be found in any time frame, but they are most useful on longer-term charts such as daily or weekly charts. They can also be applied to price data for commodities, stocks, indexes, and other financial assets.

The head and shoulders pattern gets its name from its resemblance to a human head with two shoulders on either side. The "head" is the middle peak, while the "shoulders" are the two outside peaks. The "neckline" is the line connecting the lows of the two shoulders.

The neckline is an important part of the head and shoulders pattern because it can be used to confirm the pattern and to help predict where the price might go after the pattern completes. A head and shoulders pattern is not

 

Types of Head and Shoulders Patterns

 

There are three types of head and shoulders patterns: classical, reverse, and complex. Classical head and shoulders is the most common type and is considered a bearish reversal pattern. It forms after an uptrend and consists of two swing highs with a lower high in between them (the head). The pattern is completed by a breakout below the neckline (support) after the formation of the right shoulder.

Reverse head and shoulders is a bullish reversal pattern that forms after a downtrend. It consists of two swing lows with a higher low in between them (the head). The pattern is completed by a breakout above the neckline (resistance) after the formation of the left shoulder.

Complex head and shoulders is a combination of both classical and reverse head and shoulders patterns. This type of pattern can be either bullish or bearish depending on which way it breaks out.

 

How to Trade a Head and Shoulders Pattern

The key to trading a head and shoulders pattern is to identify the neckline. The neckline is created by connecting the lows of the left shoulder and right shoulder. Once the neckline is broken, it signals that the trend has reversed and that traders should enter into a short position. Stop loss orders should be placed just above the highs of the head or above the neckline if it is broken to the upside. Take profit orders can be placed at previous support levels or at Fibonacci extension levels.


Head And Shoulders Trading Example

The head and shoulders pattern is a classic technical analysis tool that can be used to identify reversals in a wide variety of markets. This article will provide a brief overview of the head and shoulders pattern, as well as an example of how it can be used in trading.

The head and shoulders pattern is composed of three distinct parts: the left shoulder, the head, and the right shoulder. Each part of the pattern represents a peak (or trough) in price action, and the pattern as a whole is considered to be a reversal signal.

There are two main types of head and shoulders patterns: inverted and regular. In an inverted head and shoulders pattern, the left shoulder is higher than the head, while in a regular head and shoulders pattern, the left shoulder is lower than the head. The right shoulder is typically lower than the head in both types of patterns.

The neckline is drawn by connecting the lows of the left shoulder and the right shoulder. A breakout below the neckline signals that the Pattern is complete and that prices are likely to continue falling.

The target for this pattern is typically calculated by taking the height of the pattern (measured from the neckline to the top of the head)

 

Conclusion

The head and shoulders pattern is a reliable way to predict market reversals, and can be a helpful tool for traders and investors. While the pattern is not without risk, understanding how it works and how to identify it can give you an edge in the markets.

If you are interested in chart patterns and trading strategies, click here for my top performing strategy that takes me less than 20 minutes/week.



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